Registro católico nacional: Amplia Coalición rechaza la legislación sobre subrogación

(por Jonathan Liedl)
Mayo 1, 2014

St. PABLO, Minn. Los opositores a la subrogación comercial en varios estados se están preparando para resistir los esfuerzos para legalizar el proceso antes de que finalicen las sesiones legislativas estatales en los próximos meses..

La legislación para reconocer y regular legalmente la subrogación está activa en los estados de Louisiana, Minnesota y Nueva York, así como el Distrito de Columbia. En dos de esos lugares, Nueva York y D.C., la gestación subrogada está actualmente prohibida, como lo es en Michigan, donde el tiempo en la cárcel y multas tan altas como $50,000 se puede imponer a los infractores.

Sin embargo, en la mayoría de los estados, Alquiler de vientres, una práctica que la Iglesia Católica considera como “gravemente inmoral,” no está regulado.

“[La industria] ha sido algo así como el Salvaje Oeste,” dijo el senador del estado de Minnesota. Ron Latz, D-St. Louis Park, who is the co-author of a bill that will create legal regulations and safeguards for surrogacy if it passes both chambers of the Minnesota Legislature.

Commercial surrogacy advocates in Minnesota like Latz say the process already happens, “often without the benefit of a clear understanding on the part of everyone involved what their rights and obligations to each other are.”

“[This bill] will protect everyone,” added Latz, who represents residents of Minneapoliswestern suburbs.

Latz’s bill is far more robust than the House version, which is being presented by its proponents as atechnical billthat would allow judges to cite surrogacy contracts when determining child-custody cases. Both bills have passed committee and could be brought to the floor for discussion and a vote at any time in their respective bodies, which are both controlled by Democrats.

The bills are different in scope from each other, but a conference committee could iron out the differences and send the bill to Gov. Mark Dayton’s desk if they are voted on before the legislative session ends on May 19.

Showdown in Minnesota

But the bills are facing significant opposition, most notably from the Catholic Church. The state’s Catholic conference of bishops has highlighted the Church’s teachings on procreation, human dignity and the rights of children, in addition to legal and health concerns, as grounds for killing not only the bigger Senate bill, but also thetechnicalHouse measure, which has been characterized as a piecemeal approach for achieving state-sanctioned surrogacy.

Latz says he respects the ethical concerns of surrogacy opponents, but doesn’t believe they should inform how state statues on the matter are written. En su lugar, he thinks the matter should be left up to the individuals involved in surrogacy, who freely choose to participate in the process.

If people go into it with their eyes open, that’s their decision to make,” dijo, emphasizing that the choice to participate in commercial surrogacy is a private decision, one that legislators should respect.

Sin embargo, Jason Adkins, el director ejecutivo de la Conferencia Católica de Minnesota, sharply disagrees with the notion that surrogacy is solely a private matter.

Every decision we make has an impact on others,” dijo Adkins, who characterized the view that consent is the most important criteria of public policy as an instance ofsophomoric libertarianism.

Such a view of politics and society is wrong,” dijo. “All of our decisions have to be made based on reason and whether it is ethical and serves the common good.

The Catholic Church teaches that surrogacyis contrary to the unity of marriage and to the dignity of the procreation of the human person. Surrogate motherhood represents an objective failure to meet the obligations of maternal love, of conjugal fidelity and of responsible motherhood; it offends the dignity and the right of the child to be conceived, llevado en el vientre, brought into the world and brought up by his own parents; it sets up, to the detriment of families, a division between the physical, psychological and moral elements which constitute those families” (Donum Vitae).

Women should not be for rent, and children should not be for sale,” dijo Adkins.

Niños: A Gift, Not a Right

Adkins emphasized that Catholics can’tignore the pain and struggle experienced by couples with infertility—those who are the primary users of alternative forms of reproduction like commercial surrogacy. But he went on to say that the sadness of infertility doesn’t make every means of addressing infertility ethically sound.

We have desire, and desires turn into wants, and wants turn into rights,” dijo Adkins, regarding people’s push to use alternative reproductive methods. “But children are gifts; there’s no right to a child.

Adkins said the effort to legally recognize and regulate commercial surrogacy is nothing new in either Minnesota or the nation. As he pointed out, a previous legislative attempt was passed in 2008 before it was vetoed by then-Gov. Tim Pawlenty, and surrogacy has been discussed at the national level since the 1980s.

But according to Adkins, the current push is being primarily motivated by those with financial interest in commercial surrogacy, part of what he refers to asthe multibillion-dollar fertility industrial complex.

For their contracts to be honored, they need to have some sort of legislative or statutory legitimacy,” dijo.

Steve Snyder is a Minnesota lawyer whose firm helps connect surrogates withintended parentsand provides legal representation to the parties involved. Snyder, who has personally worked with nearly 300 mujeres que han servido como sustitutas, dice que las personas involucradas en la subrogación están motivadas principalmente por el altruismo, no codicia.

“Es un proceso lleno de amor,” dijo Snyder, alegando que los arreglos en los que el niño y la madre biológica mantienen una relación saludable son “la norma.”

Un ferviente partidario de la legislación pro-subrogación que está siendo considerada por la Legislatura de Minnesota, Snyder no estuvo de acuerdo con las críticas de muchos opositores a la subrogación que enfatizan la necesidad de que la procreación sea unitaria.. “Nunca podré tener una unidad de concepto” con los que “creen en la naturaleza mística de la procreación” y oponerse a la gestación subrogada por estos motivos, dijo.

Snyder también dijo que las acusaciones de que separar a un niño de su madre biológica puede resultar en consecuencias psicológicas negativas no tienen evidencia empírica que las respalde..

“Hablo desde la experiencia real,” Snyder dijo sobre su postura sobre la subrogación y su trabajo con una serie de acuerdos de subrogación.. “Las personas que se oponen [Alquiler de vientres] hablar sobre qué pasaría si y qué tal vez, y ellos, francamente, nunca hables con un sustituto real, por lo que en realidad no tienen ningún apoyo para sus acusaciones.”

Consecuencias negativas

Eso puede ser cierto para algunos oponentes de la subrogación., pero ciertamente no describe a Jennifer Lahl. Lahl, el fundador y presidente de la no sectaria Centro de Bioética y Cultura, es uno de los principales defensores de la nación contra la subrogación comercial, y tiene una experiencia considerable trabajando con mujeres y niños que dicen que estaban mentalmente, herido emocional o físicamente por la subrogación comercial.

Lahl presentó el feo vientre de la industria de la subrogación en un documental titulado Criadores: Una subclase de mujeres?, que fue lanzado a principios de este año. El proyecto vino después de documentales anteriores sobre las preocupaciones éticas de la donación de óvulos y espermatozoides, respectivamente, por lo que cubrir este aspecto de la reproducción alternativa —la gestación subrogada comercial— era “absolutamente necesario,” ella dijo.

Lahl identifica tres grandes dilemas éticos que rodean la subrogación comercial: una interrupción del vínculo madre-hijo, una interrupción en la dinámica familiar de las madres sustitutas que ya tienen hijos y el aspecto contractual de la comercialización de la concepción.

Lahl, una ex enfermera pediátrica con 25 years of medical practice, says the idea that women form a bond with their children during pregnancy is a universal, shared byevery woman on the planet, regardless of religious or political persuasion.

But she says surrogacy supporters choose to ignore that. “[They] Rax, ‘She’s just a vessel; she’s just going to crank out this baby and give it away. The baby won’t mind.'She added that a baby knows one thing at birth: “his or her mother.

So to say the baby won’t experience any harm is just nonsense.

Lahl points to the 1993 book The Primal Wound by Nancy Verrier as a well-researched assessment of the negative psychological effects of removing children from their mothers at birth.

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Leer el resto, go here: http://www.ncregister.com/daily-news/broad-coalition-pushes-back-against-surrogacy-legislation/#ixzz32B9mko8S

 

Register correspondent Jonathan Liedl writes from Minnesota.